how to calculate market cap

In the final section of our tutorial, we’ll practice the calculation of market cap starting from enterprise value. The important takeaway is the impact of different capital structures – i.e. the net debt amount – on equity value and enterprise value. Some of the companies may or may not be industry leaders, but they may be on their way to becoming one. First Solar (FSLR), is a mid-cap leader in the solar power field, with a market cap of around $8 billion as of Q2 2022. Our business loan calculator helps you quickly estimate monthly payments and total loan costs, aiding in sound financial planning and understanding of your borrowing decisions. However, the fact that Company C’s enterprise value exceeds that of Company A does not imply that the addition of debt to the capital structure increases its enterprise value.

Our fully-diluted enterprise value, then, begins with a fully-diluted market cap of $700 million. Existing cash is $100 million, and warrants and options will bring in another $100 million in total. XYZ has a fully-diluted enterprise value of $500 million, against $400 million using the standard calculation. Market capitalization, often referred to simply as ‘market cap’, is an important metric in investing. Whether in stocks or in crypto, investors can’t do proper fundamental due diligence without understanding how market cap is calculated — and why it is important.

  1. Hence it is important to know at which price you are buying the piece of a company.
  2. If XYZ Corporation has 50 million shares outstanding and a share price of $10, its market cap is $500 million under the standard calculation.
  3. Those interests may become outstanding shares at some point in the future, adding to outstanding shares.
  4. Generally, investments in mega-cap or large-cap stocks are considered more conservative with less volatility than investments in small-cap stocks.

Market capitalization is the correct measure to look at, as it represents the true value as perceived by the overall market. Since the market price of shares of a publicly-listed company keeps changing with each passing second, the market cap also fluctuates accordingly. It allows investors to understand the relative size of one company versus another.

A high market cap signifies that the company has a larger presence in the market. Many stock indexes, such as the S&P 500, are weighted by market cap. This means that stocks with larger market capitalizations make up comparatively more of the index.

Market capitalization – what is it?

In fact, though it’s rare, a company can in fact have a negative enterprise value, which simply means that net cash is greater than the market capitalization. Indeed, to oversimplify, the point of even being a public company, or developing a useful cryptocurrency, is to increase market cap. And investors can’t properly choose the companies that will drive those increases without understanding exactly what market cap is, and what it means. In addition, it’s difficult to properly analyze a stock’s fundamentals without at least a grasp of market cap. Per-share figures can be used to calculate, for instance, a price-to-earnings multiple. But market cap is necessary to put into context absolute figures like free cash flow or EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization).

The market cap does not determine the amount the company would cost to acquire in a merger transaction. A better method of calculating the price of acquiring a business outright is the enterprise value. Mid-cap companies are those with a market cap between $2 and $10 billion. They are not as well-established as large-cap companies, so there’s more risk connected with investing in them; however, they are supposed to grow rapidly in the nearest future. Assume the options and warrants have a strike price of $5 (i.e., the option and warrant holders pay $5 per share for the stock valued at $10). Those options and warrants will each bring in another $50 million in cash (as the $5 strike price for the 10 million options and the 10 million warrants will be paid to the company).

Shares are often over- or undervalued by the market, meaning the market price determines only how much the market is willing to pay for its shares. Market cap is based on the total value of all a company’s shares of stock. Float is the number of outstanding shares for trading by the general public. The free-float method of calculating market cap excludes locked-in shares, such as those held by company executives and governments.

how to calculate market cap

Those options may be “in the money”, meaning that the executives can exercise the option to buy the stock for less than the share price. But they also may not have vested, or become exercisable, usually because not enough time has elapsed. Again, market cap is defined as the sum of outstanding shares multiplied by the stock price.

Any exercise of warrants on a company’s stock will increase the number of outstanding shares, thereby diluting its existing value. As the exercise of the warrants is typically done below the market price of the shares, it could potentially impact the company’s market cap. Historical analysis reveals that mega- and large-caps often experience slower growth with lower risk, while small-caps have higher growth potential but come with higher risk. It is common to see companies making transitions from one category to the other depending upon the change in their market cap valuations regularly. Along with companies, other popular investments like mutual funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are also categorized as small-cap, mid-cap, or large-cap. In the case of funds, the terms represent the types of stocks in which the fund primarily invests.

Market cap measures what a company is worth on the open market, as well as the market’s perception of its future prospects, because it reflects what investors are willing to pay for its stock. Large-cap companies typically have a market capitalization of $10 billion or more and represent major players in well-established industries and sectors. These companies generally reward investors with a consistent increase in share value and dividend payments. Examples of large-cap companies include Apple Inc., Microsoft Corp., and Alphabet Inc.

What is a fully diluted market cap?

To build a portfolio with a proper mix of small-cap, mid-cap, and large-cap stocks, you’ll need to evaluate your financial goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon. A diversified portfolio that contains a variety of market caps may help reduce investment risk in any one area and support the pursuit of your long-term financial goals. If you’re creating an investment strategy designed to help you pursue long-term financial goals, understanding the relationship between company size, return potential, and risk is crucial. With that knowledge, you’ll be better prepared to build a balanced stock portfolio that comprises a mix of “market caps.”

how to calculate market cap

But since market cap equals stock price multiplied by shares outstanding, a higher share count can increase market cap as well. Upon performing the same process for all three companies, we get $4bn as the market cap for all three companies, despite the different share prices and diluted shares outstanding assumptions. Mid-cap companies generally have a market capitalization between $2 billion and $10 billion. Mid-cap companies operate in an industry expected to experience rapid growth.

Is Market Cap The Same As Valuation? Copied Copy To Clipboard

Nano caps are another high-risk, high-reward layer beyond the micro-caps. These companies are considered to be the riskiest, and the potential for gain varies widely. These stocks typically trade on the pink sheets or Over-the-Counter Bulletin Board (OTCBB). Mega-cap companies are those with a market cap of $200 billion or higher. They are the largest publicly traded companies by market value, and typically represent the leaders of a particular industry sector or market.

The market cap is moved by the stock price, not the other way around. Often used interchangeably with the term “equity value,” a company’s market capitalization measures the value of its common equity as of the latest market close. Small-cap companies have a market cap between $300 million to $2 billion. Mid-cap stocks range from $2 billion to $10 billion in market cap, and this group of companies is considered to be more volatile than the large-cap and mega-cap companies. Companies that are considered large-cap have a market cap between $10 billion to $200 billion.

How Is Market Cap Calculated? Copied Copy To Clipboard

For example, in Q2 2022, International Business Machines Corp. (IBM) and General Electric (GE) are large-cap stocks with market caps of $116 billion and $99 billion, respectively. It’s worth noting that fully-diluted market cap can lead to a calculation of fully-diluted enterprise value as well. That calculation should account for the cash infusion from option and warrant exercise. Free float market cap is not a commonly used metric in fundamental analysis.

To do that, you can use our amazing discounted cash flow calculator that can indicate whether the stock is overpriced or not. Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers. Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts. The difference between the conceptual meaning of enterprise value (TEV) and the market value of equity is as follows.

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